The Officer March/April 2014 : Page 25

What GAO Found T he National Guard Bureau, which may continue to grow to accommodate its chief’s placement on the Joint Chiefs of Staff, is determining its own requirements without external validation. This is inconsistent with Joint Staff, Army, and Air Force processes, which generally involve an external review. In addition, Congress’s ability to oversee the bureau’s size is limited because DoD’s annual report on its major DoD headquarters activities does not include data on the bureau and its more than 600 staff. The National Guard has not fully assessed its 54 state headquar-ters—which contain nearly 21,900 funded positions—since the 1980s. GAO’s prior work shows that agencies can reduce costs by consolidating and centralizing functions and eliminating duplication. The National Guard Bureau, Army National Guard Directorate, and Air National Guard Readiness Center each assess a portion of the state headquarters, but there is no process to assess the headquar-ters’ personnel requirements in their entirety, and ongoing efforts do not provide a holistic review. The Army and Air Force have not fully reassessed 13 of the 20 Reserve Component headquarters for which they are responsible. The Army has a reassessment backlog, and the Air Force does not require periodic reassessments and reassesses its headquarters on an ad hoc basis. Some headquarters with signifcant growth have not been reassessed, including the Offce of the Chief of the Army Reserve and the Air National Guard Readiness Center. In contrast, fve of the seven reassessed organizations subsequently reduced their staff levels, such as the Air Force Reserve’s three numbered air forces, which have shrunk by more than a third since 2009. The Army and Air Force agree their headquarters should be reassessed, but they have not scheduled reassessments across their Reserve Components. GAO Recommendations To facilitate oversight of the size of DoD’s Reserve Component headquarters and ensure that they have the minimum personnel needed to complete their assigned missions, and to inde-pendently validate the personnel requirements for the National Guard Bureau, the secretary of defense should direct the chief of the National Guard Bureau to implement the Joint Chiefs of Staff’s Joint Manpower and Personnel Process and have its per-sonnel requirements periodically validated by a DoD organization external to the National Guard Bureau. To provide Congress the data it requires to oversee DoD’s major headquarters activities, the secretary of defense should include the National Guard Bureau among its list of major DoD headquarters activities and report personnel associated with the National Guard Bureau in the Defense Manpower Requirements Report. To minimize the potential for gaps or overlaps at the National Guard’s state Joint Force headquarters, the secretary of defense should direct the chief of the National Guard Bureau to develop a process for the Army National Guard and Air National Guard to collaborate when determining personnel requirements for joint functions at these headquarters. To minimize the potential for gaps or overlaps at the National Guard’s state Joint Force headquarters, the secretary of defense should direct the chief of the National Guard Bureau to assess and validate all personnel requirements at the state Joint Force head-quarters to include the Army staff element and Air staff element. To ensure that Army Reserve headquarters and the Army National Guard Directorate are properly sized to meet their assigned mis-sions, the secretary of defense should direct the secretary of the Army to ensure that these headquarters are reassessed and have their personnel requirements validated within required time frames by including them in the U.S. Army Manpower Analysis Agency’s schedule for reassessment and validation. To ensure that Air Force Reserve headquarters and the Air National Guard Readiness Center are properly sized to meet their assigned missions, the secretary of defense should direct the secretary of the Air Force to modify the Air Force’s guidance to require that these headquarters have their personnel requirements reassessed on a recurring basis, and establish and implement a schedule for reassessing personnel requirements for its Reserve Component headquarters. Source: www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-71 the O fficer / M arch -a pril 2014 25

Previous Page  Next Page


Publication List
Using a screen reader? Click Here