Storyworks September 2015 : Page 13

y d n Life was n’t alwa ys as sw eet as it UP CLOSE is today PAIR THESE ARTICLES WITH AN EXPERT INTERVIEW ONLINE! . Compare and contrast How have ideas about candy changed over the years? Think about this as you read. LOOK FOR WORD NERD’S 7 WORDS IN BOLD I t was 1847, and for months Oliver Chase of Boston had been tinkering with a brand-new invention that would soon change America—and the world. Chase wasn’t really an inventor. He was a pharmacist; he sold medicines out of his small shop. Like most pharmacists at the time, Chase made his own remedies . His most popular medicines were lozenges, small round discs made of mashed-up herbs, chemicals, and other ingredients. People bought lozenges hoping to cure their sore throats, aching heads, and runny noses. These early medicines didn’t work very well. And they tasted disgusting, like dirt mixed with grass. So most lozenges were covered with a hard candy shell. Making lozenges was time-consuming. Each one had to be shaped by hand like a tiny cookie. Chase’s invention was a hand-cranked machine that would let him quickly create large batches of lozenges that were all exactly the same size and thickness. He was thrilled with his lozenge machine. But it was his next idea that would STOR YWORKS.SCHOLASTIC.COM • SEPTEMBER 2015 13

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